What is the Full Form of Computer?
In this article, you will know the Full Form of Computer, ALU, CPU, etc. and commonly used acronyms.
The Full Form of Computer is a Commonly Operated Machine Particularly used for Technical and Educational Research.
C – Commonly
O – Operated
M – Machine
P – Particularly
U – Used for
T – Technical
E – & Education
R – Research
There are many full forms available on different websites, and there is no uniform single, widely agreed Computer Full Form.
What is Computer and its Components?
A computer is an electronic system that uses instructions to store, retrieve, and process data by using hardware and software.
It uses computer programming to perform arithmetical or logical operations sequences. The computer contains particularly arithmetic and logical unit i.e. ALU.
Computers can be technology-based ie. It can be digital, analog, and hybrid. There are also several other Super Computers, Personal Computers, Desktops, Laptops, etc.
The computer is often known to be a computing machine since, without software, it cannot do anything. It takes user raw data as an input process and produces user output.
In simple words, we can say that the digital computer is an electronic device along with its components i.e. hardware and software (just like apps in mobile).
It makes our life easier by processing raw data output in any form given to it, into a meaningful data as desired by the user.
There is a lot of software and hardware are available in the market as per the user requirements.
Parts of Computer | Hardware, and Software
What is Hardware on a Computer?
Computer Hardware is the physical parts of the computer that we can touch, feel, and see for example CPU, Monitor, Mouse, Keyboard, and so on.
All the below mentioned are examples of the internal hardware of a computer:-
- CPU – Central Processing Unit
- Drive – Hard disk drive, CD-ROM, Floppy Drive, DVD
- RAM- Random Access Memory
- Sound Card
- Video Card
All these below-mentioned are the best examples of the external hardware of a computer:-
External Hardware of Computer:-
What is Software in Computer?
The software in a computer is a set of instructions or programs that tells the computer how to compute the raw data to get the desired output.
5 example of software that is most commonly used in a computer are:-
- Internet Browser – Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer
- Movie player – VLC and Windows Media Player
- Operating System- Android, ios, Linux, macOS, and windows
- Adobe photoshop
- Microsoft office
Some of the full forms of the computer-related terminologies are: –
RAM – Random-Access Memory
ROM – Read-Only Memory
OS – Operating System
HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS – HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure.
IP – Internet Protocol
URL – Uniform Resource Locator
USB – Universal Serial Bus
DOC – Document (Microsoft Corporation)
PDF – Portable Document Format
DVX – DivX Video
HTML – HyperText Mark-up Language
UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply
CD – Compact Disk.
DVD – Digital Versatile Disk
PHP – Hypertext Preprocessor
XML – Extensible Markup Language
CSS – Cascading Style Sheets
ASP – : Active Server Pages
SQL – Structured Query Language
WWW – World Wide Web
.com – Commercial
.net – Network
.org – Organization
LAN – Local Area Network
Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity
WAN – Wide Area Network
WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network
PAN – Personal Area Network
.info – Information
Classification of the computer on the basis of technology:-
- Analog Computer
- Digital Computer
- Hybrid Computer
- Super Computer
- Mainframe Computer
- Mini Computer
- Micro or Personal Computer
Laptops and Desktops are the best examples of micro or personal computer which we use in our daily life.
Must Read:- BIOS (Basic Input Output System)
What are the Generations of Computers?
The Generations of computers is defined on the basis of major technological changes:-
- First Generation (1940-1956) – uses vacuum tubes, ENIAC was the first computer of this generation.
- Second Generation (1956-1963) – uses transistors rather than vacuum tubes.
- Third Generation (1964-1971)- ICs (integrated circuits) used in place of transistors which reduced the size of computers.
- Fourth Generation (1972-2010) – uses microprocessors and ICs.
- Fifth Generation (2010- present) – the fifth generation of computers uses AI (artificial intelligence) and some best examples of these are Siri on iPhone, Cortana on Windows 8, and 10.
Full Forms of Computer Related Parts
Full form of CPU
The full form of CPU is:-
C – Central
P – Processing
U – Unit
A special region called the CPU (Central Processing Unit) socket is the area where the CPU is mounted within the motherboard to handle other device inputs and outputs.
It performs all of the basic arithmetical and logical operating operations and communicates the computer’s commands and programs.
The term CPU conventionally refers to a processor that includes the control unit and the logical arithmetic unit. CPU is sometimes called the computer brain.
Full form of ALU
A – Arithmetic
L – Logic
U – Unit is the complete full form of ALU.
Arithmetic logic unit abbreviation will be – The portion of a machine that performs all arithmetic computations.
The ALU is divided into two units in processors, an arithmetic unit (AU) and a logic unit (LU).
It represents the fundamental building block of a computer’s central processing unit (CPU). Modern CPUs contain highly potent, complex ALUs.
Full form of LAPTOP
A laptop or a laptop computer is, in simple words, a small portable device.
Full form of the laptop is:-
L – Lightweight
A – Analytical
P – Platform
T – with Total
O – Optimized
P – PowerTEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE ON COMPUTER QUIZ