HTML Full Form | What is the full form of HTML – 10 basic tags, Structure, Advantages

HTML Full Form

Through this write-up, we aim to provide you with detailed information on HTML and HTML full form.

This write-up will talk about the full form and meaning of HTML besides its parts and types. Also, explore the uses, basic structure, and advantages of HTML.

Moreover, we have included the 10 basic HTML tags used. Therefore, get along with us and explore.

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What is the full form of HTML?

HTML is used as an abbreviation of Hypertext Markup Language.

What is HTML?

HTML of Hypertext Markup Language is a computer language which used for the creation of websites.

what is html

HTML is written in form of HTML elements. Also, it indicates a series of connections among different pages. 

The page layout and elements are defined by the tags which refer to Markup Language.

The primary focus of HTML is the page layout and alignment of elements inside the page by the use of tags around the document text. The web pages on the internet are written using HTML only.

Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist at the CERN Research Institute, Switzerland, invented HTML. The first version of HTML was published in 1991 which has 18 HTML tags.

Further, with every new version of HTML, there were new tags and attributes to the language.

Currently, there are 140 HTML tags with most of them obsolete as the modern browsers do not support them.

Also Read:- What is URL?

What are 10 basic HTML tags?

The 10 basic HTML tags are as follows:-

The root element – <html> … </html>

The opening <html> tag is written to create an html element. It is followed by a closing </html> tag. Everything else goes between these tags.

The document head – <head> … </head>

This element has information about the web page. Several elements such as title, link, script etc. are put inside this.

The page title – <title> … </title>

Title element has the page title that is displayed on the browser’s title bar along with the bookmarks, search engine results and other places.

The page body – <body> … </body>

The body tag or element appears after the head tag. It has the content of the web page.

A section heading – <h1> … </h1>

This works like heading and subheadings with 6 heading elements: h1, h2, h3, h4, h5 and h6.

A paragraph – <p> … </p>

This element is for creating paragraphs of text. These can be used instead of <br> tag to insert blank lines.

A link – <a> … </a>

The <link> tag allows the creation of links to other contents that could be either on your site or another site. Only you have to enter the link between <a> … </a>.

An image – <img>

With the image tag, you can insert links into the web pages. Upload the image of the webserver and use a <img> tag to refer the image filename.

A block-level container for content – <div> … </div>

To add more structure to the page, you can use the <div> tag. This element is usually used for page headers and footers, highlighted box, columns and sidebars, image galleries etc.

An inline container for content – <span> … </span>

Similar to div, it is used to add structure to your content. They are designed to hold smaller content pieces within a larger content block.

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What is the basic structure of an HTML file?

html structure

The basic structure of an HTML document has the following two main parts:-

  • Head
  • Body

The first tag in the web page, <html> denotes the markup language which you are using for the document.

The <head> tag information of the web page. The <body> tag has the content. The illustration of the basic structure of HTML is given as follows:-



      <title> – title of the web page </title>



Content of the page



What are the advantages and disadvantages of HTML?

Similar to most of the languages, HTML has several advantages and disadvantages as well. They are as follows:-


  • With a lot of resources, HTML is a widely used language with a huge community behind
  • It is an open-source language and completely free
  • It has a clean and consistent markup and runs natively in every web browser
  • The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) maintains the official web standards
  • HTML is easily integrable with the backend languages such as Node.js and PHP


  • HTML is useful mostly for static web pages. JavaScript or other backend language is often used for dynamic functionality websites
  • All the web pages need to be created separately even they have the same elements
  •  Certain modern browsers do not support several HTML tags or adopt the new features slowly
  • Predicting the browser behaviors hard in regards to the newer tags

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