Introduction:- In this article, we will discuss President rule in India. Maximum term and what happens after the president’s rule in any state. We will also find out about the President of India.
President Rule in India
In India, article 356 of the constitution of India states that the President’s rule is imposed when any state fails to perform according to the constitutional provisions. The state government is then suspended and the central government rules the state directly through the governor.
- Chattisgarh and Telangana are the only states who have not seen the President’s rule so far.
- The maximum term for which a state can be under President’s rule is 6 months. It can be extended for a maximum of 3 years with the approval of parliament every 6 months.
- During the President’s rule council of the minister or Vidhan Sabha is dissolved and new elections are held.
- Article 356 was used for the first time on 20 Jun 1951 in Punjab.
- Uttar Pradesh had seen the most number of President’s rule i.e. 10 times.
- Jammu and Kashmir state was under President’s rule for approximately 6 years and 264 days.
Conditions When President’s Rule can be imposed
- When the state legislature is not able to nominate a leader as the Chief Minister during the given time frame by the Governor.
- When a coalition government falls leaving the Chief Minister with the minority support. Consequently, the Chief Minister fails to prove his majority in the house.
- Elections are postponed during the national emergency like war and natural disasters.
- Under Article 356, when any states fail to perform by constitutional provisions.
- Loss of majority in the house due to a vote of no confidence.
- Chief Justice of India
- National Register of Citizens (NRC) of India
- 9 Union Territories of India
- External Source – President’s Rule
The instance of President Rule in India in 2019:-
President’s Rule in Maharashtra:-
The President’s rule was imposed in Maharashtra on 12 Nov 2019 on the recommendation of the governor. Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari in his report to the center stated that both the largest party BJP and Shiv Sena showed an inability for the formation of a stable government. He then recommended imposing President rule in the state under the constitutional provision of article 356.
However, President’s rule can be revoked whenever a party is able to prove his majority and shows a letter of support to the governor.
This is for the third time Maharashtra came under President’s rule. The first President’s rule was imposed on Maharashtra in Feb 1980 by Indira Gandhi.
President’s Rule in Jammu and Kashmir:-
The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the extension of President’s rule in Jammu and Kashmir from 03 July 2019 for another six months on the recommendation of Governor.
Jammu and Kashmir is under President’s rule since 20 June 2018. The state of J&K came under President’s rule following a political crisis when the Mehbooba Mufti-led coalition government came to a minority after the withdrawal of support by BJP.
Who is the President of India?
Shri Ram Nath Kovind is the 14th President of India. He assumed office on 25 July 2017. Before assuming the office of the President of India Shri, Ram Nath Kovind was the 36th governor of the state of Bihar from 16 Aug 2015 to 20 June 2017.
Interesting facts about the President of India
- President of India is the ceremonial head of the state of India.
- He is Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces of India.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
- The President of India is elected for a term of five years.
- The President of India is elected by an electoral college comprising of both the houses i.e. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and legislative assemblies of states and union territories of India.