States and Capitals of India 2020 | 28 States 8 UTs and their Capitals

States and Capitals of India:-

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In this write-up, we have included the details of the states and capitals of India. We aim to provide complete information about the states of India.

We have included the most relevant information on the topic for you to explore and understand.

Things to Know:-

Geography of India

Physical Features of India

Types of Forest in India

Types of Soil in India

Diversity in India

Latitude and Longitude of India

Rivers of India

How many states are there in India?

Currently, there are 28 states in India with Telangana as the 28th state added to it on 2nd June 2014.

Until 6th August 2019, there were 29 states but Jammu & Kashmir was granted with the status of being the Union territory.

What are the Union Territories of India?

In total, India has 8 Union Territories which are Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir Lakshadweep, Chandigarh, Ladakh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Pondicherry and Daman and Diu.

Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh are the latest ones to be granted the status of Union Territory in 2019.

Which are the five largest states in India?

The five largest states of India in terms of area are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat.

The area of the states is as follows:-

STATESAREA (in square kilometres)
Rajasthan342,239
Madhya Pradesh308,252
Maharashtra307,713
Uttar Pradesh236,286
Gujarat196,244

Which states have the highest population density?

The top 10 Indian states with the highest population density are Bihar, West Bengal, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Jharkhand, Assam and Goa.

The population density of the states in descending order is as follows:-

STATESPOPULATION DENSITY (in kilometres square)
Bihar1102
West Bengal1029
Kerala859
Uttar Pradesh828
Haryana573
Tamil Nadu555
Punjab550
Jharkhand414
Assam397
Goa394

Which states in India have the highest literacy rates?

The top 10 Indian states with the highest literacy rates are Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Goa, Tripura, Daman and Diu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Delhi, Chandigarh and Pondicherry.

The literacy rates of the states in descending order are as follows:-

  STATESLITERACY RATES (in percentage)
TotalMaleFemale
Kerala9496.192.1
Lakshadweep9.895.687.9
Mizoram91.393.389.3
Goa88.792.684.7
Tripura87.291.582.7
Daman and Diu87.191.579.5
Andaman and Nicobar Islands86.690.382.4
Delhi86.290.980.8
Chandigarh869081.2
Pondicherry85.891.380.7

What is the capital of India?

New Delhi is the national capital of India which is located in Delhi. It is also a Union Territory and thus called the national capital union territory of India.

Is Delhi a state or a Union Territory?

New Delhi is a Union territory which was granted the status in 1991 after passing the 69th Constitutional Amendment and adding another provision to Article 239.

Also, the name of the Union Territory of Delhi was changed to the national capital territory of Delhi.

What are the states and their capitals?

Serial No.NAME OF THE STATESNAME OF THE CAPITALS
1Andhra PradeshAmaravati
2Arunachal PradeshItanagar
3AssamDispur
4BiharPatna
5ChhattisgarhRaipur
6GoaPanaji
7GujaratGandhinagar
8HaryanaChandigarh
9Himachal PradeshShimla
10JharkhandRanchi
11KarnatakaBengaluru
12KeralaThiruvanthapuram
13Madhya PradeshBhopal
141MaharashtraMumbai
15ManipurImphal
16MeghalayaShillong
17MizoramAizwal
18NagalandKohima
19OdishaBhubaneswar
20PunjabChandigarh
21RajasthanJaipur
22SikkimGangtok
23Tamil NaduChennai
24TelanganaHyderabad
25TripuraAgartala
26Uttar PradeshLucknow
27UttarakhandDehradun
28West BengalKolkata

Which is the first state of India?

The first state formed in India was Andhra Pradesh which was formed based on the linguistic region, Telugu. It was initially formed as the Andhra State on 1 November 1956.

Later, it was renamed as Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh was formed by merging the Telugu-speaking regions of Hyderabad and the Andhra state.

Which is the richest state of India?

As per GDP, Maharashtra is the richest state of India with a GDP of 233 billion dollars. The capital of Maharashtra, Mumbai, is the economic capital of India.

According to wealth, Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is the richest city in India with a wealth of 820 billion dollars.

Only Mumbai in the state has 46000 millionaires and 28 billionaires.

Which is the poorest state in India?

With 50% of the population living below the poverty line, Chhattisgarh is the poorest state of India. The population living below the poverty line earns less than ₹27 per day.

Also, almost 80% of the population of the state lives in rural or village areas.

Which state is known as tiger state?

Traditionally, Madhya Pradesh is called the Tiger State of India because it has 19% of the tiger population of the country and 10% of the world’s tiger population.

The “Tiger State”, Madhya Pradesh, is home to 526 tigers out of the nearly 3000 tigers in the country.

Which state touches the most states in India?

The state which shares its border with the most states in India is Uttar Pradesh which shares its border or touches 9 states.

The states which Uttar Pradesh touches are Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Bihar.

Also, Uttar Pradesh shares an international border with Nepal.

Which state is known as Heart of India?

The state which is called the Heart of India is Madhya Pradesh because it is geographically located in the middle of the country.

It is also called the heart of India owing to the diversity in its language and culture which is a mix of the five states touching the Madhya Pradesh border.

Which state is called the sugar bowl of India?

The state known as the sugar bowl of India is Uttar Pradesh because it is the largest producer of sugarcane in India. Also, it produces the largest portion of sugar in India.

Which state is known as Switzerland of India?

The state known as the Switzerland of India is Himachal Pradesh because of the magnificent mountains, valleys and rivers.

Also, Khajjiar, a hill station in Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh, is known as the mini Switzerland of Himachal Pradesh.

The hill station has the rarest yet a magnificent combination of lakes, forests, and pastures.

Which state is known as milk bowl of India?

Gujarat is popularly known as the “Milk Bowl of India” as it contributes to 7.75% share of the total milk production in the country.

As per the National Dairy Development Board, Gujarat produced 14493 tonnes of milk in 2018-19.

Also, the state has several private dairy plants, cooperative dairy milk unions, and primary milk cooperative societies which significantly contribute to the production of milk in the state.

Which state is called Kohinoor of India?

The state which is known as the Kohinoor of India is the Andhra Pradesh due to its major valuation in the Indian subcontinent and the scenic and beautiful hills, valleys, beaches, green fields and more.

Which state is has the longest coastline in India?

The state in India with the longest coastline is the Gujarat which is 1600 kilometres long. The top five states with the longest coastline are Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala.

STATERAILWAY NETWORK (IN KILOMETRES)
Gujarat1600
Andhra Pradesh974
Tamil Nadu940
Maharashtra720
Kerala580

Which state has the longest beach in India?

The marina Beach is the longest beach in India which is situated in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The beach is 12 kilometres long along the Bay of Bengal.

Which states share a boundary with other countries?

17 states in India share an international border with the neighbouring countries of India. Countries sharing an international border are as follows:

COUNTRYINDIAN STATES SHARING BORDER
ChinaArunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh
PakistanJammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Punjab and Gujarat
BangladeshWest Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram, Assam and Meghalaya
BhutanWest Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam
NepalUttarakhand, West Bengal, Bihar, Sikkim and Uttar Pradesh
MyanmarManipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland
AfghanistanJammu and Kashmir

Which is the smallest state in India?

Goa is the smallest state in India with an area of 3,702 kilometres squares. It is situated on south-western coast in the Konkani region with Panaji as its capital. It ranks 28th, being the smallest state, in terms of area.

Which state has the biggest wildlife sanctuary?

The biggest wildlife sanctuary in India, the Kaziranga National Park, is situated in the Golaghat district of Assam.

The Kaziranga National Park has a total of 430 kilometers square. It was established in the year 1908 and was initially named as the “Kaziranga Dame Sanctuary”.

Which state is popularly known as “God’s own country”?

Kerala is popularly known as “God’s own country” because of the oasis of natural beauty and religious co-existence.

The phrase “God’s own country” was adopted as a slogan by Kerala tourism in the 1980s to promote tourism and marketing campaigns to boost the industry.

Which state has the longest railway network in India?

The state in India with the largest or longest railway network in India is Uttar Pradesh. It has a railway route of 8726 kilometres.

The top five states with the largest railway network are Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat.

STATERAILWAY NETWORK (IN KILOMETRES)
Uttar Pradesh8762
Rajasthan5780
Maharashtra5602
Andhra Pradesh5241
Gujarat4999

Which state is the safest in India?

According to a study conducted by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Goa was found to be the safest state in India for women.

It had a Gender Vulnerability Index score of 0.656. Also, Goa was ranked first in terms of protection and sixth for health and survival.

The states considered be in the top 5 of the safest states are Kerala, Mizoram, Sikkim and Manipur.

The 28 States and Capitals of India

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the first state to be formed in India and has Amaravati as its capital. The Chief Minister of the state is Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy and Governor is Bishwabhusan Harichandan.

It has a total area of 162,975 km² and has a population density of 308/ km².

The state has 13 districts with Telugu has its official language. The major folk dances of Andhra Pradesh are Kuchipudi and Veera Natyam.

The major rivers that flow in Andhra Pradesh are the Godavari, Krishna, Nagavali, Vamsadhara, and Pennar. It is the 10th most populated state and ranks 7th in terms of area.

Arunachal Pradesh

The north-easternmost state of India, Arunachal Pradesh has its capital as Itanagar. The Chief Minister of the state is Pema Khandu and Governor is B.D. Mishra. Arunachal Pradesh has a unicameral legislature and has 25 districts.

It has an area of 83,743 km² and ranks 14th in terms of area in the country. The state has a population density of 17/ kilometres square.

The official language of Arunachal Pradesh is English and has a literacy rate of 66.95%. The state bird is Hornbill and the state flower is Foxtail Orchid.

The Brahmaputra is the major river that flows through it along with its tributaries.

Assam

Situated in northeastern India, the capital of Assam is Dispur. There are 33 districts in the state and Guwahati is the largest city. The Chief Minister of the state is Sarbananda Sonowal and Governor is Jagdish Mukhi.

Assam has a total area of 78,438 km² and ranks 16th in terms of area. It has a population density of 397/ km².

The official language of Assam is Assamese and the state has a literacy rate of 72.19%. Bihu is the folk dance of Assam and the major river flowing through it is the Brahmaputra River.

The state flower is Foxtail Orchid and bird is the white-winged wood duck.

Bihar

Bihar is a state which is situated in Eastern India with Patna as its capital.

There are 38 districts in the state and Patna is the largest city. The Chief Minister of this state is Nitish Kumar and the Governor is Phagu Chauhan.

Bihar has a total area of 94,163 km² and ranks 3rd in terms of area. It has a population density of 1102/ km².

The official language of Bihar is Hindi and the state has a literacy rate of 63.82%. The state bird of Bihar is the House Sparrow and the state tree is the Peepal tree.

The major rivers flowing through Bihar are Ganga, Mahananda and Ghaghra among others.

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is a state which is located in centre-east India with Raipur as its capital. There are 28 districts in the state and Raipur is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Bhupesh Baghel and the Governor is Anusuiya Uikey.

Chhattisgarh has a total area of 135,191 km² and ranks 10th in terms of area. It has a population density of 240/ km².

The official language of Chhattisgarh is Hindi and Chhattisgarhi and the state has a literacy rate of 70.01%.

The state is also known as the Rice bowl of India and boasts a rich tradition of food culture.

Goa

Goa is a state which is situated on south-western coast with Panaji as its capital. There are 2 districts in the state and Vasco Da Gama is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Pramod Sawant and the Governor is Satya Pal Malik and has a unicameral legislature.

Goa has a total area of 3,702 km² and ranks 28th in terms of area. The state ranks 26th in terms of population.

The official language of Chhattisgarh is Konkani and the state has a literacy rate of 88.70%.

Seafood is widely eaten in the state has Ottoman, Goan and Portuguese style architecture.

Gujarat

Gujarat is located on the western coast of India with Gandhinagar as its capital. There are 33 districts in the state and Ahmedabad is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Vijay Rupani and the Governor is Acharya Dev Vrat.

Gujarat has a total area of 196,024 km² and ranks 5th in terms of area. It has a population density of 308/ km².

The official language of Gujarat is Gujarati and the state has a literacy rate of 78.03%. The state bird of Gujarat is the Greater Flamingo and the state tree is the Banyan tree.

The major rivers flowing through Gujarat are Narmada, Sabarmati and Tapi among others.

Haryana

Haryana is located in the northern part of India with Chandigarh as its capital. There are 22 districts in the state and Faridabad is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Manohar Lal Khattar and the Governor is Satyadev Narayan.

Haryana has a total area of 44,212 km² and ranks 21th in terms of area. It has a population density of 573/ km².

The official languages of Haryana are Hindi, English and Punjabi and the state has a literacy rate of 77.55%.

The state bird of Haryana is the Black Francolin and the state flower is the Lotus.

The major rivers flowing through Haryana are Ganga, Yamuna and Ghaggar among others.

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is located in the northern part of India with Shimla as its capital. There are 12 districts in the state and Shimla is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Jai Ram Thakur and the Governor is Bandura Dattatreya.

Himachal Pradesh has a total area of 55,673 km² and ranks 17th in terms of area. It has a population density of 123/ km².

The official languages of Himachal Pradesh are Hindi and Sanskrit with native languages as Kullu, Mahasu Pahari and Madeali among others.

The state has a literacy rate of 83.78%. The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western Tragopan and the state flower is the Pink Rhododendron.

Jharkhand

Jharkhand is located in the eastern part of India and Ranchi is its capital. There are 24 districts in the state and Jamshedpur is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Hemant Soren and the Governor is Draupadi Murmu.

Jharkhand has a total area of 79,714 km² and ranks 15th in terms of area. It has a population density of 414/ km².

The official language of Jharkhand is Hindi and second official languages are Bengali, Bhojpuri, Angika, Maithili and Nagpuri among others.

The state has a literacy rate of 67.6%. The state bird of Jharkhand is Koel and the state flower is Palash.

Karnataka

Karnataka is situated in the south-western part of India with Bengaluru as its capital. There are 30 districts in the state and Bengaluru is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is B.S. Yediyurappa and the Governor is Vajubhai Vala.

Karnataka has a total area of 191,791 km² and ranks 6th in terms of area. It has a population density of 320/ km².

The official language of Karnataka is Kannada. The state has a literacy rate of 75.36%. The state bird of Karnataka is Indian Roller and the state flower is Lotus.

Kerala

Kerala is situated in the south-western Malabar Coast of the country with Thiruvanthapuram as its capital. There are 14 districts in the state and Malappuram is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Pinarayi Vijayan and the Governor is Arif Mohammad Khan.

Kerala has a total area of 38,863 km² and ranks 21st in terms of area. It has a population density of 860/ km².

The official language of Kerala is Malayalam with English and Tulu as additional official languages.

The state has a literacy rate of 94%. The state bird of Kerala is Great Hornbill and the state flower is Kanikonna.

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is situated in central India with Bhopal as its capital. There are 52 districts in the state and Indore is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Shivraj Singh Chouhan and the Governor is Lalji Tandon.

Madhya Pradesh has a total area of 308,252 km² and ranks 2nd in terms of area. It has a population density of 240/ km².

The official language of Madhya Pradesh is Hindi. The state has a literacy rate of 70.6%.

The state bird of Madhya Pradesh is Indian Paradise, the state tree is Banyan and state fruit is Mango.

Maharashtra

Maharashtra is situated in the western peninsular region of India with Mumbai as its capital. There are 36 districts in the state and Mumbai is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Uddhav Thackeray and the Governor is Bhagat Singh Koshyari.

Maharashtra has a total area of 307,713 km² and ranks 3rd in terms of area. It has a population density of 370/ km².

The official language of Maharashtra is Marathi. The state has a literacy rate of 80.34%.

The state bird of Maharashtra is Yellow-footed green pigeon, the state tree is mango tree and the state flower is Jarul.

Manipur

Manipur is a northeastern state of India and its capital is Imphal. There are 16 districts in the state and Imphal is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is N. Biren Singh and the Governor is Najma Heptulla.

Manipur has a total area of 22,327 km² and ranks 23rd in terms of area. It has a population density of 130/ km².

The official language of Manipur is Meitei or Manipuri. The state has a literacy rate of 79.85%.

The state bird of Manipur is Nongin (Syrmaticus humiae), the state tree is Uningthou and the state flower is Shirui Lily.

Meghalaya

A hilly state in northeastern India, Meghalaya is known as the “Scotland of the East”. The capital and the largest city of Meghalaya is Shillong.

The Chief Minister of the state is Conrad Sangma and the Governor is Tathagata Roy and has a unicameral legislature.

The total area of Meghalaya is 22,429 km² and ranks 22nd in terms of area. It has a population density of 130/ km².

The official language of Meghalaya is English and has a literacy rate of 75.84%. It is one of the seven sister states of north-eastern India.

Mizoram

Mizoram is a northeastern state of India was formed on 20 February 1987 and its capital is Aizawl. There are 11 districts in the state and Aizawl is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Zoramthanga and the Governor is P.S. Sreedharan Pillai.

Mizoram has a total area of 21,081 km² and ranks 25th in terms of area. It has a population density of 52/ km².

The official languages of Mizoram are Mizo, Hindi and English. The state has a literacy rate of 79.85%.

The state bird of Mizoram is Mrs. Hume’s pheasant, the state tree is Indian rose chestnut and the state flower is Red Vanda.

Nagaland

Nagaland is a state in northeastern India was formed on 1st December 1963 and its capital is Kohima. There are 12 districts in the state and Dimapur is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of the state is Neiphiu Rio and the Governor is R.N. Ravi.

Nagaland has a total area of 16,579 km² and ranks 26th in terms of area. It has a population density of 119/ km².

The official language of Nagaland is English. The state has a literacy rate of 80.11%.

The state bird of Nagaland is Blyth’s Tragopan, the state tree is Alder and the state flower is Rhododendron.

Odisha

Odisha is located in the eastern part of India with Bhubaneswar as its capital. There are 30 districts in the state and Bhubaneswar is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Naveen Patnaik and the Governor is Ganeshi Lal.

Odisha has a total area of 155,707 km² and ranks 8th in terms of area. It has a population density of 270/ km².

The official language of Odisha is Odia and the state has a literacy rate of 73.45%. The state bird of Odisha is the Indian Roller and the state flower is the Ashoka.

The folk dance of the state is Odissi and the state song is ‘Bande Utkala Janani’.

Punjab

Punjab is located in the northern part of India with Chandigarh as its capital. There are 22 districts in the state and Ludhiana is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Captain Amarinder Singh and the Governor is V P Singh Badnore.

Punjab has a total area of 50,362 km² and ranks 19th in terms of area. It has a population density of 550/ km².

The official language of Punjab is Punjabi and the state has a literacy rate of 76.68%. The state bird of Punjab is the Baaz (Accipiter Gentilis) and the state tree is the Sheesham.

The folk dance of the state is Bhangra and state aquatic animal is Indus River Dolphin.

Rajasthan

Rajasthan is a northern state of India was formed on 30 March 1949 and its capital is Jaipur. There are 33 districts in the state and Jaipur is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Ashok Gehlot and the Governor is Kalraj Mishra.

Rajasthan has a total area of 342,239 km² and ranks 1st in terms of area. It has a population density of 200/ km².

The official languages of Rajasthan are Hindi and English and its regional language is Rajasthani. The state has a literacy rate of 66.1%.

The state animal of Rajasthan is Camel, the state bird is Godawan and the state tree is Khejri.

Sikkim

Sikkim is a northeastern state of India was formed on 16 May 1975 and its capital is Gangtok. There are 4 districts in the state and Gangtok is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Prem Singh Tamang and the Governor is Ganga Prasad.

Sikkim has a total area of 7,096 km² and ranks 27th in terms of area. It has a population density of 86/ km².

The official languages of Sikkim are English, Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha. The state has a literacy rate of 82.6%.

The state bird of Sikkim is Blood Pheasant, the state tree is Rhododendron and the state flower is Noble Dendrobium.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is a state in the southernmost part of India was formed on 26 January 1950 and its capital is Chennai. There are 38 districts in the state and Chennai is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Edappadi K. Palaniswami and the Governor is P.S. Banwarilal Purohit.

Tamil Nadu has a total area of 130,058 km² and ranks 10th in terms of area. It has a population density of 550/ km².

The official languages of Tamil Nadu are Tamil and English. The state has a literacy rate of 80.33%.

The state bird of Tamil Nadu is Emerald Dove, the state tree is the palm tree and the state flower is Gloriosa Lily.

Telangana

Telangana is a state in the south-central part of India was formed on 2 June 2014 and its capital is Hyderabad. There are 33 districts in the state and Hyderabad is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is K. Chandrashekhar Rao and the Governor is Tamilisai Soundararajan.

Telangana has a total area of 112,077 km² and ranks 11th in terms of area. It has a population density of 550/ km².

The official languages of Telangana are Tamil and English. The state has a literacy rate of 66.46%.

The state bird of Telangana is Indian Roller, the state tree is Prosopis Cineraria and the state flower is Senna Auriculata.

Tripura

Tripura is a state in the northeastern part of India was formed on 21 January 1972 and its capital is Agartala. There are 8 districts in the state and Agartala is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Biplab Kumar Deb and the Governor is Ramesh Bais.

Tripura has a total area of 10,491 km² and ranks 27th (2014) in terms of area. It has a population density of 350/ km².

The official languages of Tripura are English, Bengali and Kokborok. The state has a literacy rate of 87.75%.

The state bird of Tripura is Green Imperial Pigeon, the state tree is Agar and the state flower is Nageswar.

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India was formed on 24 January 1950 and its capital is Lucknow. There are 75 districts in the state and Kanpur is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Yogi Adityanath and the Governor is Anandiben Patel.

Uttar Pradesh has a total area of 240,928 km² and ranks 4th in terms of area. It has a population density of 830/ km².

The official languages of Uttar Pradesh are Hindi and Urdu. The state has a literacy rate of 67.68%.

The state bird of Uttar Pradesh is Sarus Crane, the state tree is Ashoka and the state flower is Palash.

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand is a state in northern India was formed on 9 November 2000 and its capital is Dehradun. There are 13 districts in the state and Dehradun is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Trivendra Singh Rawat and the Governor is Baby Rani Maurya.

Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,483 km² and ranks 19th in terms of area. It has a population density of 189/ km².

The official languages of Uttarakhand are Hindi and Sanskrit. The state has a literacy rate of 79.63%.

The state bird of Uttarakhand is Himalayan Monal, the state tree is Burans and the state flower is Brahma Kamal.

West Bengal

West Bengal is a state in the eastern part of India was formed on 26 January 1950 and its capital is Kolkata. There are 23 districts in the state and Kolkata is the largest city.

The Chief Minister of this state is Mamata Banerjee and the Governor is Jagdeep Dhankhar.

West Bengal has a total area of 88,752 km² and ranks 13th in terms of area. It has a population density of 1029/ km².

The official languages of West Bengal are English and Bengali. The state has a literacy rate of 87.75%.

The state bird of West Bengal is White-throated kingfisher, the state tree is Chatim tree and the state flower is Night-flowering Jasmine.

The Union Territories of India

We have discussed the Union Territories of India with their information below. There are 8 Union Territories in India which are as follows:

Andaman and Nicobar

Andaman and Nicobar Islands are situated around 1400 kilometres away from the east coast of India and have Port Blair as its capital. It has an area of 8,250 square kilometres and has a population of 380,520.

The official languages of Andaman and Nicobar are Hindi and English with other languages spoken are Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Nicobarese.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands consists of 572 Islands out of which only 37 islands are inhabited. It was established in 1956 and was the first union territory of India.

State board of Andaman and Nicobar Island is the Andaman Wood Pigeon, the state tree is Andaman Padauk, the state animal is Dugong and the state flower is Andaman Pyinma.

Chandigarh

Chandigarh has a status of the city and a union territory simultaneously and is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

The capital of Chandigarh is Chandigarh city and it was constituted on 1st November 1966. It has an area of 114 square kilometers and a population of 1,102,360.

The official language of Chandigarh is English with languages spoken as Punjabi Hindi and English.

Chandigarh is also known as the green city of India and was designed by a French architect, Le Corbusier.

Haryana lies to the East of Chandigarh and Punjab lies on the other three sides.

The state bird of Chandigarh is the Indian grey Hornbill, the state tree is the mango tree, the state animal is the Indian grey mongoose and the state flower is the Dhak flower.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli – Daman and Diu

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu work combined into a single union territory from 26 January 2020 with reference to the legislation passed by the Indian government.

The capital of this union territory is Daman and it has an area of 491 square kilometers. It has a population of 585,764.

The official language of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is Gujarati with the languages spoken as Konkani, Gujarati, Marathi, and Hindi.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli is located on the West Coast of India and was a part of the Portuguese in India.

It was made a union territory in 1961 after merging with India. Dadra is situated in Gujarat while Nagar Haveli lies in between Maharashtra and Gujarat.

Daman and Diu is also located on the West Coast of India and became a part of the union territory of Goa in 1961.

Delhi

The national capital territory of Delhi is the national capital of India and union territory. It is governed by its legislature and was awarded the status of a union territory in 1956.

It has New Delhi as its capital with an area of 1,483 square kilometres and the population of 18.98 millions.

The official languages of Delhi are Hindi and English with languages spoken as Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English.

The state bird of Delhi is the House Sparrow, the state tree is Flamboyant, the state animal is Nilgai and the state flower is Alfa Alfa flower.

Jammu and Kashmir

Formerly a state, the state of Jammu & Kashmir was divided into two union territories in the year 2019.

It was divided into Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir and has a legislature similar to Delhi in Pondicherry.

Jammu and Kashmir enjoyed a special status on the basis of article 370 which was withdrawn in 2019. The act re-constituting Jammu & Kashmir into two union territories is effective from 31 October 2019.

The capital of this union territory is Srinagar and Jammu. It has an area of 222,236 square kilometres and the population of 12.55 in millions.

The official language is Urdu with other languages spoken as Kashmiri, Dogri, Pahari, Balti, Gojri and Dari.

The state bird of Jammu & Kashmir is the Black-Necked crane, the state tree is Chinar, the state animal is Hangul and the state flower is Lotus.

The Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir is Girish Chandra Murmu and it has a unicameral legislature.

It has a total area of 42,241 kilometers square and a population density of 240/ km². Jammu & Kashmir is further divided into 20 districts.

Ladakh

Formerly a part of the state of Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh was reconstituted as a union territory in August 2019. It lies in the Northern part of India and consists of two districts which are Leh and Kargil.

The capital of this union territory is Leh with an area of 59146 kilometers square and a population of 274,289.

The official languages are Tibetan Ladakhi Urdu and Balti with the major languages spoken as Urdu, English, Ladakhi and Tibetan.

Amazon part of the economy of Ladakh is formed by tourism with the major sightseeing places as the Magnetic Hill, Zanskar Valley Monasteries, Leh Palace and the Pangong Lake. The state bird the Black-necked crane,

Lakshadweep

The smallest union territory of India, Lakshadweep was made union territory in 1956. Earlier, it was a part of Madras.

It was known as Laccadive, Minicoy, and Aminidvi before it was renamed to Lakshadweep in the year 1973. It lies in the Laccadive Sea to the Southwest of the Indian mainland.

The capital of Lakshadweep is Kavaratti and has an area of 32.62 square kilometres with a population of 64,429.

The largest city is Andrott and most of the 36 islands and coral reefs are an inhabited.

The official language is Malayalam with languages spoken as Malayalam and English.

The state bird of Lakshadweep is the Noddy Term, the state tree is Bread Fruit tree, the state animal is Butterfly Fish and the state flower is Neelakurunji flower.

Pondicherry

Situated on the southeast coastline of India, Pondicherry is in the state of Tamil Nadu. It was constituted as a Union Territory out of the former French colonies of Pondicherry, Mahe, Yanam and Karaikal.

These places are granted the status of districts under Pondicherry. It is also referred to as the “Riviera of the East” because of the French influence.

The capital of Pondicherry is Puducherry and has an area of 479 square kilometres with a population of 241,773.

The official languages are French, English, Telugu and Malayalam with languages spoken as Malayalam and English.

The state bird of Pondicherry is the Koel, the state tree is Bael Fruit tree, the state animal is Indian Palm Squirrel and the state flower is Cannon Ball flower.

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