Monitor and its types explained for 2023

In this article, we will give you an insight into Monitor and its Types, what is a monitor, the types of computer monitors, and the function of the monitor.

What is a Computer Monitor?

Monitor and its types

A computer monitor is an output device that displays the data and information in pictorial form on the screen.

It is also known as a Visual Display Unit (VDU).

The monitor is just like a TV but the resolution of a monitor is much higher than a Television.

The monitors are available in the market in various sizes.

Whatever, input is being given to the computer by us is displayed in the form of text, image, video, or graphic on the computer screen.

The output displayed on the computer screen is known as a soft copy.

Function of monitor

The main function of the monitor is to allow users to interact with the computer in the form of text, graphics, display images, and video.

The user uses input devices like a mouse; keyboard etc. to give input to the computer and take the desired output post-processing raw data and information.

To make you understand things better and clear we will now discuss below the different types of monitors and their functions. 

Also Read:-

Output devices of computer

Types of Printers

Types of Scanners

8 Different types of computer monitors and their functions

There are different types of monitors available in the market; they may vary in shape, size, function, and color.

Here is a list of 8 types of computer monitors for you:-

  • Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Monitors
  • Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Monitors
  • Thin Film Transistor (TFT) Monitors
  • Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Monitors
  • Digital Light Processing (DLP) Monitors
  • Touchscreens Monitors
  • Plasma Screen Monitors
  • Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) Monitors

So let’s explore each of the above-mentioned monitors one by one and understand the difference between them.

Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Monitors

These monitors function on CRT technology and were used in early computer monitors.

It is basically a vacuum tube having one or more electron guns.

The gun fires electron beams toward the phosphor-coated screen and generates light when electrons hit the screen.

These monitors were heavy and bulky and occupied a lot of space on the desk. It also consumes a lot of electricity.   

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Monitors

The LCD monitors are also known as flat panel displays. However, flat panel display is further divided into two categories i.e. volatile and static.

A volatile display shows an image only when it has a power supply.

They require refreshing their pixels periodically so that they can retain their state.

On the other hand, the static display retains images or text on the screen even when the power supply is switched off.

LCD monitors consume very little electricity as compared to CRT monitors. Also, it occupies less space and is lighter in weight.

These monitors are relatively more expensive than CRTs.

It displays a clearer image and the amount of radiation is comparatively less than the CRT monitors.

LCD monitor uses a thin layer of liquid crystal to create an image.

Thin Film Transistor (TFT) Monitors

A TFT monitor uses a thin film transistor technology that improves image quality and contrast. It is an “active matrix” display.

In the active matrix method, each pixel is connected to a transistor that actively maintains the pixel state at the same time as other pixels are being addressed.  

Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Monitors

LED monitors use “light emitting diodes” which are extremely small lights while LCDs use “cold cathode fluorescent lamps” that are formerly known as CCFLs for backlighting.  

There are two types of LED backlighting:-

  • Full array backlighting
  • Edge lighting

Full-array backlighting

In this setup, the diodes are placed evenly across the entire screen. It uses the concept of the local dimming feature.

In the local dimming feature, images can have both higher contrast pixels and very dark pixels contrast simultaneously.

Consequently, we have images of higher picture quality.

Edge Backlighting

In this setup, the diodes are placed at the edge of the screen. For example, diodes may be placed along all four sides, or on the bottom of the screen.

The LEDs supported by edge backlighting are not able to produce pictures of high quality since they don’t have local dimming features like full-array LEDs.

LEDs are considered much more environmentally friendly than CRTs and LCDs.

Also, they consume comparatively less electricity than both of them. The only demerit of owning an LED is that it is slightly costly.

Features of LEDs

  • Local dimming feature
  • Environment friendly since it produces less heat
  • It consumes less electricity
  • Produces high-quality and resolution images

Digital Light Processing (DLP) Monitors

DLP monitors use digital micromirror devices or DMD. In this method, millions of micromirrors are used to produce a video display like digital projectors. 

This technology was developed by Larry Hornbeck of Texas Instruments in 1987.

Touchscreens Monitors

Touchscreens or touchscreen monitors consist of both a “touch panel” for input and a “display” for output.

A touch panel is normally placed over the display.  

It enables a user to give input to the computer by using his finger or stylus on the computer screen.

Touchscreens are widely used in game consoles, POS (point of sale), Airports, EVMs (electronic voting machines), ATMs (Automated Teller Machine), and personal computers.

Plasma Screen Monitors

Plasma screen monitors use small cells that contain plasma or ionized gas that responds to the electric fields and illuminates each pixel on the screen.

A plasma screen is a flat and thin display panel.  You can easily mount it on the wall.

There are certain advantages of plasma screens like they provide a better contrast ratio and deeper blacks.

They have better color and a wide side-to-side viewer angle. A plasma screen performs better in dim-lit rooms or dark.

The main disadvantage of a plasma screen is that it produces more heat and uses more energy as compared to LCDs.

Also, they don’t perform that much well in higher altitude areas.

Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) Monitors

Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLED) Monitors is a light-emitting diode that consists of a layer of organic compound situated between two electrodes cathode and electrode which emits light in response to the electric current.

Out of these two electrodes, at least one is transparent. It works without a backlight as it emits visible light.  

OLED is widely used in computer monitors, PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants), smartphones, and smartwatches.

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